Assault is either the intent to commit battery or the arousal of fear of bodily harm in another person, in a manner other than by the use of words. Aggravated assault can include, among other things, assault with a deadly weapon, or assault with intent to rape, maim or murder. It is considered much more serious than simple assault.
Battery is the act of using force against another person, which results in either bodily injury or offensive touching. It does not need to be intentional; force applied with criminal negligence is sufficient to be considered battery. In addition, the force does not have to be directly applied to the victim. For example, directing a dog to attack someone is considered battery.
If the person committing the crime has physically touched the victim, then battery has occurred. If the victim has not been touched, but only threatened, then the crime is considered assault.
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